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The most important one was that players had to be tagged or forced out rather than having the ball thrown at them [source: Dickey].
Of course, the rules were modified as the game evolved, but Cartwright gave us the essence of baseball.
As it turns out, the real history of baseball is a little more complicated than the Doubleday legend.
References to games resembling baseball in the United States date back to the 18th century.
They became even more popular in newly industrialized cities where men sought work in the mid-19th century.
Tribes have a LONG tradition of playing baseball, both on an off the reservation (as illustrated by some of the classic [pre-1913] photos seen above).Other players have had a fraction of Native American blood including, but not limited to: Gene Bearden, Johnny Bench, Howie Fox, Nippy Jones, Ernie Koy, Roy Meeker, Willie Stargell, Joseph Tipton, Jim Toy (possibly the first part-Indian player to make it to the Major Leagues), Thurman Tucker, Virgil Trucks, Zack Wheat & Early Wynn.A 2005 vintage base ball game, played by 1886 rules.There has been scarcely a trace of sentiment against me on account of birth.I have been treated the same as other men." - Chief Bender There are fourteen former ballplayers who were either commonly called "chief" or simply nicknamed "chief" and in the Encyclopedia of North American Indians they wrote, "It is worth pointing out that while American Indian ballplayers were nearly always called 'Chief,' this nickname was used much less often among Indians themselves.